Bipolar Disorders

What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder that is characterised by alternating periods of mania and depression. It was formerly known as manic depression. People with bipolar disorder can swing from extreme highs to extreme lows, sometimes very quickly. This can often feel confusing or even frightening for the sufferer and their loved ones.

TYPES OF BIPOLAR DISORDERS

The various types of bipolar disorders and their symptoms are described below:

Bipolar I
This applies to patients who have one or more manic or mixed episodes, often combined with depression. Patients with bipolar I disorder typically have severe manic (high) episodes along with shorter depressive episodes. In other words, they are ‘high’ more often than they are low – which can make this condition hard to recognise.

Bipolar II
Patients with bipolar II disorder tend to have longer periods of depression that alternate with shorter manic episodes. In other words, depression is the dominant factor.

Cyclothymia
This is bipolar disorder with less obvious highs and lows. Although a comparatively milder condition, it can still have a serious impact on quality of life.

Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (BD-NOS)
When a person doesn’t follow all the patterns of other known forms of the condition, they are said to have BD-NOS, and/or sometimes when bipolar occurs as part of other coexisting mental health conditions.

WHAT CAUSES BIPOLAR DISORDER?

Bipolar disorder is thought to be caused by a combination of biochemical, genetic and environmental factors. It may be due to a lack of serotonin (the ‘happy’ hormone) or an irregular release of other hormones in the brain.

Bipolar disorder tends to run in families and may lie dormant for years, only to be triggered by a traumatic event such as a relationship break-up, divorce, job loss, change of home, bereavement, etc.

TREATMENTS FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER

Bipolar disorder can be effectively treated, but there is always a chance it will re-occur. That is why at Manor Clinic, we encourage our patients to practice ongoing awareness, and we are always available should they need any further help.

The major goals of treatment are to:

  • Treat and reduce the severity of acute episodes of mania or depression when they occur

  • Reduce the frequency of episodes

  • Avoid the cycling from one phase to another

  • Improve the patient’s overall quality of life

An important aspect of treatment is to determine what might have triggered a bipolar episode and work at minimizing its negative impact. We work with our patients to identify key emotional triggers and anything that might interfere with the treatments prescribed.

In addition to medical treatments, psychotherapy and sleep management are also parts of bipolar disorder treatment. They can help reduce symptoms and prevent relapse.

The good news is that effective bipolar treatments are available for people with bipolar disorder.

Manor Clinic is a leading affective disorder expert who can correctly diagnose bipolar disorders and offer suitable treatment programmes.

At Manor Clinic, we work with the most highly-regarded experts in the field and employ the most up-to-date evidence-based treatments to get you back on your feet as quickly as possible.

 

If you have any questions or would like to book a consultation with one of our experts, simply call us on 780-669-8555. Our team is here waiting to help.​