What are Sleep Disorders?
Sleep disorders are conditions that disrupt a person's normal sleep patterns, leading to difficulties falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing restorative sleep, which can result in various physical and mental health issues.
Sleep disorders encompass a range of conditions that adversely affect a person's ability to achieve restful and regular sleep. These disorders can result in difficulties falling asleep (insomnia), excessive daytime sleepiness (narcolepsy), or disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle (circadian rhythm disorders). Common sleep disorders include sleep apnea, where breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep, and restless legs syndrome, which causes an irresistible urge to move the legs.
Parasomnias, like sleepwalking and night terrors, involve abnormal behaviors and experiences during sleep. Insomnia, characterized by difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, is a prevalent sleep disorder that can be caused by various factors, including stress, medical conditions, and medications. Sleep disorders can have a profound impact on an individual's physical and mental health, leading to fatigue, cognitive impairment, mood disturbances, and an increased risk of various medical conditions, underscoring the importance of proper diagnosis and management.