What causes Panic Attacks?
As a defensive strategy, humans, like all other species, acquired the "fright and flight" reaction. The reaction includes, among other things, the release of more adrenaline, a rise in heart rate, and a sensation of urgency or panic. When we are truly confronted with a dramatic incident that requires us to leave, the terror and flight reaction protects us. However, panic attacks occur when we experience feelings of terror and flight even when there is no imminent threat.
Panic attacks, which can include symptoms such as a racing heart, shortness of breath, sweating, and dizziness, can have a devastating impact on one's quality of life. They might appear "out of nowhere," leaving the victim defenseless. A variety of triggers can cause panic episodes. A panic attack may begin for one individual while they are on the train on their way home and the compartment becomes overcrowded. The impression of being in a crowded environment may cause individuals to feel as if they can't breathe or move, resulting in a full-fledged panic attack. A trigger for someone else may be finding themselves alone in a huge, empty room, or having to make a crucial decision.
Panic episodes are rather frequent; at the milder end of the range, they affect a large number of people. When they are severe or frequent – or both – they can become quite bothersome.
What Causes Panic Attacks?
Some people are predisposed to panic attacks as a result of a terrible incident in their past, whilst others have panic attacks in addition to another underlying illness, such as agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, or OCD. Some people get panic attacks after a recent setback or crisis, such as bereavement or job loss. However, we do not always know what is causing the problem.
Panic With Agoraphobia
People who have previously had panic attacks may cope with the issue by avoiding circumstances or locations where it has occurred. This frequently leads to avoiding public locations such as retail malls, public transportation, and other places where people congregate. Agoraphobia can develop as a result of this avoidance. As a result, individuals tend to feel safe only in a very limited universe and to be extremely nervous about the next panic episode.
What Can Help?
Medication can give temporary comfort, but psychotherapy can make a significant impact in the long run. An certified therapist can work with you to totally overcome the problem utilizing a mix of exposure treatment and other strategies by employing cognitive behavioral therapy. You will work both inside and outside of the treatment session to thoroughly desensitize yourself to panic symptoms so that you are no longer afraid of having another panic attack.