Obsessive Compulsive Disorders
What Is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition characterized by persistent and distressing obsessions (intrusive, unwanted thoughts) and compulsions (repetitive, ritualistic behaviors) aimed at reducing the anxiety and distress caused by the obsessions.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder marked by the presence of persistent, distressing, and intrusive thoughts called obsessions, which often lead to intense anxiety or discomfort. To alleviate this distress, individuals with OCD engage in repetitive, ritualistic behaviors or mental acts known as compulsions, which they feel compelled to perform even when they are irrational or excessive. OCD can significantly interfere with daily life, causing substantial distress and impairment in social, occupational, and personal functioning. The exact cause of OCD is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors. Effective treatment for OCD typically includes cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), particularly exposure and response prevention, as well as medication, to help manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life.