WHAT IS ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER?
ADHD/ADD stand for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder/Attention Deficit Disorder. These are quite common disorders and have a critical impact on a person’s life. Hence, it is important that those with these disorders get the right kind of support.
A neurodevelopmental disorder, ADHD/ADD is identified when an individual particularly shows a lack of attention span, engages in activities incompatible with their age, takes actions regardless of their consequences, or struggles with emotional regulation. The disorder cannot be linked to trauma or specific to environmental settings as it appears in patients who’re below 12 years of age, prevails for at least 6 months, and patients can have similar reactions in at least two different environments, for instance at school and home. The symptoms of ADHD/ADD can result in difficulty in paying attention at school or work. However, data shows that even though many children with ADHD/ADD will stop showing symptoms on reaching adulthood, around 50% of these cases keep showing symptoms even in their adult years.
The effect of ADHD/ADD on an individual can be quite significant and hence, needs to be attended to with proper diagnosis and treatment. It is important to have an accurate assessment of the disorders both in children and adults. This guides parents, teachers or partners to understand the condition adequately and act appropriately. Clear diagnosis helps in deciding learning strategies for ADHD/ADD patients, schools and colleges can parallely make special provisions for these patients like extending exam time or support with special learning processes.
Could You Have ADHD? You may have heard of ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder) as a childhood disorder, but ADHD is also common in adults - and like in children, those with the disorder tend to experience a variety of problems that can affect their daily lives, from difficulty in sitting still to concentration issues.
Since many behavioral and emotional symptoms associated with ADHD are also related to other conditions, there is a strict criteria that must be addressed before a person is diagnosed. They must particularly show few symptoms persistently before the age of six. Additionally, because research on ADHD is relatively new, many adults are left undiagnosed as children and only eventually begin to get the help they need when they seek help on their own with problems that affect their daily lives.
What Does ADHD In Adulthood Look Like? Adult ADHD can appear as difficulties with initiating and organizing tasks, challenges maintaining focus and effort, difficulties in regulating stress and emotion, issues with short term memory, and difficulties with self-control and emotional management. Needless to say, all of this can lead to major issues in one's everyday life, both at home and at work. Adults with ADHD are frequently concerned that they are struggling with problems that they should have "grown out of" by now, or that there are no treatments available to help them. Many people have tried to "self-medicate" their behavioral problems with alcohol, illegal drugs, or other harmful elements at some point in their life.
As a matter of fact, for most people with ADHD who suffer a variety of symptoms throughout their lives, there are numerous treatment options available.
What Is Involved In An ADHD/ADD Assessment/Test? It is critical to combine a blend of psychometric screening instruments and clinical interviews to accurately assess/test for ADHD/ADD in children and adults in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis.
We use the following Psychometric tools:
Adults: CAARS Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales Children: Connors 3rd edition
Time required: Four 30-minute sessions (totalling 2 hours)
Assessment and report fee:
What Kinds of Treatments Are Available? Some patients benefit from medication, especially if a non-stimulant medicine can be provided. Most, if not all, benefit from a variety of psychotherapeutic treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, behavioral training, relaxation and stress management, and coaching or mentoring to help individuals manage their symptoms in different parts of their lives.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy When it comes to adults with ADHD, CBT may be a good option. Especially if:
You prefer not to receive drug treatment.
You're not happy with the drug therapies you've tried over the years.
You have difficulty taking medication.
Your symptoms are relatively mild as opposed to severe.
You have a history of substance abuse, you are anxious that you will overuse the substance.